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Cornish Wildlife

Adventureline master logoWalking Holidays in Cornwall

A Glimpse of Cornish Wildlife - presented by Adventureline

FoxDramatically enhancing Cornwall's rich and varied landscape is her unique range of flora and fauna. Due to Cornwall's extremely mild maritime climate, Spring comes early. From mid April onwards the cliff-tops and hedgerows and woodland are ablaze with colour - Daffodils, Celandines and Primroses give way to a huge variety of other wild flowers in endless succession including Sea-pinks and Campions, Bluebells, Wild Garlic, Foxgloves, Vetches, Scabious, Heathers and Gorse. These all add a stunning and constantly changing dimension to the magnificent scenery.

Amidst this ever-changing flora, the creatures that inhabit these domains make their appearances throughout the year. Naturally, being surrounded by sea on three sides, the sea birds are abundant - particularly in the spring and early summer breeding season. As well as resident Cormorants and Shags, Black-backed and Herring Gulls, Kittiwakes, Gillemotts, Razorbill, Oyster Catchers, Fulmars and Jackdaws, we often find exceptionally rare migrants "blown in" from distant shores. Cornwall is often the "first and last" landfall during the Spring and Autumn migrations. The mud of the coastal estuaries is a rich habitat for waders, ducks and divers, as well as other odd visitors, such as Osprey. Over the past few seasons, the Chough has returned to our shores and commenced breeding again after some 80 years absence...

Badgers The sea itself has more than a few surprises. Amidst a kaleidoscope of fish, crustaceans, sponges and sea plants live the Atlantic Grey Seals, perhaps our most charming inhabitants, who breed in the numerous coastal caves. Occasionally, Whales, Sharks, Dolphins and Porpoise appear unexpectedly...
On the land, Otters, Foxes, Badgers, Stoats, Weasels, Rabbits, Mink and a myriad of other small creatures make their homes - finding security in the ancient woodland and Cornish hedges.

Meanwhile, in the skies above, land birds such as Peregrine Falcons, Buzzards, Sparrowhawks, Kestrels, Ravens, Choughs, Hen Harriers and Merlins all keep a wary eye, whilst closer to the ground, the smaller common birds and colourful insects and butterflies enhance the beauty of the coastal and moorland heath, hedgerows and woodland.

Photo of Grey Seal Pup by Stephen Westcott.

Photo of Grey Seal Pup by Stephen Westcott.

This wildlife inhabits a land which is equally diverse in its structure and composition. Cornwall is probably Britain's most geologically interesting county, rich in fascinating minerals and breathtaking structures. For many creatures, the unique structure of the county is why they live here at all - providing a habitat where they can exist in relative safety - tucked away on high inaccessible cliffs, or in remote countryside and woodland. This landscape provides a wonderful setting in which to observe the wildlife of Cornwall - England's mildest and most southerly county.

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